Ruth A. Shults, PhD 1 ; Allan F. Williams, PhD 2 View author affiliations.
Les Masterson - Last updated: Aug. Graduated driving licensing GDL laws that affect teen drivers differ widely by state. Each state also differs in when drivers reach the intermediate stage and also when they no longer restricted under GDL laws and specific restrictions.
There are few terrors comparable to a teenager's dawning realization that there's absolutely no chance they'll make curfew. The helpless panic, the flop sweat, the knowledge of impending doom—it's a Greek tragedy in miniature. It can also get much worse from there, as a year-old in Michigan found out last weekend when he was busted speeding home at mph outside Detroit in a failed attempt to beat the clock.
The Michigan Graduated Driver Licensing system is divided into three levels. A Level 1 License requires supervision. Level 2 is an intermediate license that limits passengers and unsupervised nighttime driving.
Teens gain more driving privileges as they get older and acquire more driving experience. A teen driver cannot have a car accident or violation in the 90 days prior to applying for a Level 2 license. Many of these car accidents are caused by inexperienced or distracted teen drivers.
William Buschman emailed a question regarding curfews: My year-old son plays high school football. On Friday nights his games sometime run long. Is he allowed to drive home after the game if he will not be able to arrive home before the 10 p.
Beginning March 28,it is illegal for any teen driver with a Graduated Driver License Level 1 or Level 2 to use a cell phone while driving. This does not apply if the teen is using a voice-operated system that is integrated into the vehicle or if they use the cell phone to:. In addition, all passengers under 16, no matter where they sit in the vehicle must be wearing safety belts. Before your teen leaves, require information about each trip such as where they are going, with whom and when they will return.
The initiation of teen driving, which occurs between ages 15 and 17, has generally been studied primarily in relation to crash injury reduction. However, it may be the most important period influencing development between puberty and emerging adulthood because, once the teens are driving on their own or riding with other teens, parental control over social behavior is greatly reduced and opportunities for risk taking are substantially increased. The noncrash risks and benefits of licensing during this critical transition period is the subject of this paper.
Teens these days are lame as hell. They don't smoke or drink or have sex nearly as much as they used to, and somehow even their attempts at rebellion wind up making principals happy. Apparently, they're such goddamn do-gooders that they ' ll do whatever it takes to follow their parents' rules—even if that means pulling a Ferris Bueller and racing like a madman to get home on time.